Architecture creates spaces and modifies places for dwelling

Many glibly write about the ‘production of space’ when they imply the making of place.


The beginning of wisdom is to call things by their proper name.

— attributed to CONFUCIUS

Education is the ability to perceive hidden connections between phenomena.


I am also asking the reader to suppose that the concept of space has nothing to do with perception. Geometrical space is a pure abstraction… The visual third dimension is a misapplication of Descartes’s notion of three axes for a coordinate system. The doctrine that we could not perceive the world around us unless we already had the concept of space is nonsense. It is quite the other way around: We could not conceive of empty space unless we could see the ground under our feet and the sky above. Space is a myth, a ghost, a fiction for geometers. All that sounds very strange, no doubt, but I urge the reader to entertain the hypothesis.


The potency of place must be a marvelous thing, and take precedence of all other things… That is what place (topos) is: the first unchangeable limit (peras) of that which surrounds.


To be (at all) is to be in (some) place.